By Chris Codella, W2PA
February 2009In early 2007 I decided to try improving the audio section of my Drake T-4XB, part of a B-Line I had purchased back in 2000. On-air reports consistently indicated a more restricted sound compared with my FT-1000D using the same microphone and no processing.
I began by modeling the two-stage microphone amplifier with the "5Spice" simulator, a freeware version of which is available for download. The resulting frequency response curve for the as-designed circuit is pictured below. The red curve (bottom) is measured at the input and the blue (top) at the output. The cursor is positioned at a point 3dB down from the maximum output.
This shows that the 3dB rolloff point was up around 465 Hz, which explains the constrained audio sound. I believe this was probably the intention of the designers - not to sound tinny, but to optimize for SSB communications.
Just to see what might be possible, I measured the response of the sideband filters - the resulting plot is shown below.
Evidently, the passband is about 2.5 kHz wide - just right for SSB and not too tight for better audio on the transmitted signal.
So I decided to try experimenting with different values of selected components in the microphone amplifier - V9A and V9B, a 12AX7A. The relevant schematic section, scanned from the R-4B manual, is shown below. This circuit is virtually the same in all versions of the T-4 and TR-4 (and, I suspect, the TR-3 too).
After some experimenting, I arrived at a configuration where the following values were added to existing capacitors, so as to make the modification easily removable. The new capacitors were installed in parallel with the existing ones.
C124 - add .0047uF (mic. input)
C132 - add .01uF (interstage coupling - out of V9a)
C133 - add .005uF (interstage coupling - into V9b)
The values are not critical and I used parts I already had around. All were ceramic disk capacitors. I found that in each case the new capacitor could be added without disturbing the original parts. The resultant characteristic is shown below:
The 3dB rolloff point is now down around 87Hz. On-air tests confirm the improvement in audio characteristics. I'm told there is now little or no difference, in how the audio sounds on the receiving end, between the T-4XB and the FT-1000D, using the same microphone and no additional processing. I also performed this modification on my TR-4 with similarly good results.
Copyright © 2009 Christopher F. Codella, W2PA. All rights reserved.